WSJ.com - Tech Innovator Raskin Dies at 61: "Mr. Raskin joined Apple in 1978 -- as its 31st employee -- to start the young company's publications department. At the time, computers were primarily text-based and users had to remember a series of arcane commands to perform the simplest tasks.
In 1979, Mr. Raskin had a different idea: A computer that's priced affordably, targeted at consumers and extremely easy to use. A small team, under his command, was put together at Apple to pursue his concept that would eventually become the Macintosh.
'His role on the Macintosh was the initiator of the project, so it wouldn't be here if it weren't for him,' said Andy Hertzfeld, an early Mac team member."
(Read Revolution in the Valley -- great perspective on the creation of the Mac by Andy Hertzfeld.)