WSJ.com - Google, U.S. Set For Court Face-Off Over Search Data: "The government hopes to use the Google data to defend its Child Online Protection Act, a law designed to shield minors from sexually explicit material on the Internet. The Supreme Court has blocked implementation of the act.
In seeking the Google data, the Bush administration intends to defend the act in federal court in Pennsylvania against the ACLU's claim it violates the Constitution's First Amendment right to free speech. The government argues the Google information will help it determine whether filtering software can satisfactorily keep minors from offensive material online or whether the stronger measures of the act are needed.
In legal papers, the Justice Department said it might be willing to accept a smaller random sample of Web site addresses to ease worries that Google trade secrets might be revealed."